A Conversation with Miranda Massie. June 1, 2015.
Climate change might be the most important issue the world faces today. Readers of this site will know it has a rich history. It helped trigger the evolution of sentience in primates, created conditions that encouraged agriculture, and influenced the rise and fall of civilizations from Bronze Age Greece to the Ottoman Empire. Its present, as we have recently been reminded, affects us all. In just the last week, dozens have died in Texan floods, hundreds in an Indian heat wave, and thousands in a Syrian war provoked, in part, by drought. The future looks even more alarming. The IPCC and WMO have both warned that the world, and our place in it, may be almost unrecognizable in a century. So why is there no climate change museum? More
Heading North for the Arctic Winter. April 20, 2015.
By Benoit S. Lecavalier.
In early February, I had the opportunity to gather with fellow scientists in Longyearbyen, the most northerly permanent village in the world. The town is in the Norwegian Archipelago of Svalbard at approximately 80°N latitude, slightly over a 1,000 km from the North Pole. For that reason, it is the perfect place to explore the key issues currently facing the glaciological community. The most important: how do glaciers and large ice sheets respond to climate change, and affect global sea levels? This question can only be answered by unravelling complex relationships with potentially dire consequences for our civilization. More
Towards a Climate History of the Solar System. March 6, 2015.
Climate historians explore how climate change influenced human history. Until now, their research has investigated environmental changes on Earth, and with good reason. Many examine how climate change affected human beings in centuries when space travel could scarcely be imagined. Others are too concerned with contextualizing global warming to consider environments beyond Earth. However, recent breakthroughs in scientific understandings of Mars’s watery past suggest that climate history can, and should, expand into the Solar System. More
Climate Change Scepticism: Interdisciplinarity Gone Wrong? February 12, 2015.
This site explores interdisciplinary research into climate changes past, present, and future. Its articles express my conviction that diverse approaches, methodologies, and findings can yield the most accurate perspectives on complex problems. To contextualize modern warming, for example, we can reconstruct past climate change using models developed by computer scientists; tree rings or ice cores examined by climatologists; and documents interpreted by historians. More
Is Arctic Sea Ice Recovering? January 10, 2015.
Last year might have been the hottest year ever recorded by our instruments. Average global temperatures were at least 0.27° C warmer than the average between 1981 and 2010, which was in turn up from the preindustrial norm. Overall, the past 17 years have been very warm, and since 2002 temperatures have been consistently well above the 1981-2010 average. However, that consistency is not clearly reflected in Arctic sea ice trends. In fact, the winter extent of Arctic sea ice has expanded in the last two years, seemingly defying projections of its imminent collapse. More
Featured Image, June 2015:
The long twilight in Longyearbyen, Svalbard, in the Arctic spring. Taken by PhD Candidate Benoit S. Lecavalier during a research trip to Svalbard, 2015.
Study Finds Sudden Shift in “Forcing” Led to Demise of Laurentide Ice Sheet. OSU News
Thawing Arctic Carbon Threatens 'Runaway' Global Warming. The Ecologist
Because There Are No Spare Earths. NASA Climate Change
What's Really Warming the World? Bloomberg Business
Extreme Temperatures Linked to Changing Air Patterns. Climate Central
Last Two Ice Ages Ended Very Differently. Reporting Climate Science
Rainfall Fluctuations Hinder Projections of Future Extremes. Eos
Beniston, Martin. “Ratios of record high to record low temperatures in Europe exhibit sharp increases since 2000 despite a slowdown in the rise of mean temperatures.” Climatic Change 129 (2015): 225-237.
"Climatic Change Special Issue: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Climate Ethics." Climatic Change 130:3 (2015).
"Climate History Forum." The William and Mary Quarterly 72:1 (2015): 25-158.
Luterbacher, J., and C. Pfister. "The Year Without a Summer." Nature Geoscience 8 (2015): 246-248.
Mikhail, Alan. "Ottoman Iceland: A Climate History." Environmental History 20:2 (2015): 262-284.
Rahmstorf, Stefan et al. "Exceptional Twentieth-century Slowdown in Atlantic Ocean Overturning Circulation." Nature Climate Change 5 (2015): 474-480.
Williams, Matt N., Stephen R. Hill, and John Spicer. "Will climate change increase or decrease suicide rates? The differing effects of geographical, seasonal, and irregular variation in temperature on suicide incidence." Climatic Change 130 (2015): 519-528.
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